poverty, hunger, productivity, agriculture productivity, manufactures, sub-Saharan Africa, economic development


The paper examines the reasons for the failure of the UN project of hunger and poverty eradication in sub-Saharan Africa, which remain an enormous social and economic challenge facing the region. The paper applies a qualitative approach and critically reviews secondary sources, i.e. a set of conceptual and literary review techniques. The novelty of the article is to highlight the reasons of failed hunger and poverty reduction project in sub-Saharan Africa and develop proposals for utilizing these reasons as a stimulus for renewed policy improvements for hunger and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa during Sustainable Development era. Appropriate consultations are organized and a thorough analysis of the available literature on the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals in sub-Saharan Africa is performed. Findings indicate that the failure to reduce extreme poverty and hunger in sub-Saharan Africa was due to its poor structures, low agricultural productivity and lack of implementation mechanisms. The deficiencies inherent in government systems of sub-Saharan countries have exacerbated the situation. To successfully implement such projects, the region must undergo a convincing radical economic transformation that will solve the problems of low productivity. In particular, the article recommends improving the effectiveness of sub-Saharan Africa governments’ policies through the involvement of local governments in the provision of services aimed at solving poverty. Long-term strategy involves convincing structural transformation of the region’s agri culture policies toward improved agricultural productivity, increasing social protection oppor tunities, inclusiveness and non-discriminatory empowerment of the region. Further research should evaluate the extent to which extreme poverty and hunger eradication has differed bet ween the current Millennium Development Goals and the former Sustainable Development Goals.


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Author Biographies

Richard Ilorah, University of Limpopo

PhD (Professor of Economics)
Department of Economics Faculty of Management and Law

Collins Ngwakwe, University of Limpopo

PhD (Professor of Accounting)
Turfloop Graduate School of Leadership Faculty of Management and Law




How to Cite

Ilorah, R., & Ngwakwe, C. (2021). ANALYSIS OF THE FAILURE OF HUNGER AND POVERTY ERADICATION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA AND SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS. Demography and Social Economy, 39(1), 95–110. Retrieved from